"…mais ce serait peut-être l'une des plus grandes opportunités manquées de notre époque si le logiciel libre ne libérait rien d'autre que du code…"

DotNet, Mono, C#, Ironpython: quelques liens et définitions en vrac

Posted by patrick sur août 13, 2007

Pour mon retour de vacances, quelques liens sur le framework .NET, C# , Ironpython et Mono (des projets étant à l’horizon au mois de septembre 2007).

Les framework DotNet

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.NET_Framework#.NET_Framework_2.0 («  .NET Framework 2.0. Released with Visual Studio .NET 2005, Microsoft SQL Server 2005 and BizTalk 2006.

.NET Framework 2.0 shipped with Windows Server 2003 R2 (not installed by default).« )

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.NET_Framework#.NET_Framework_3.0 («  .NET Framework 3.0, formerly called WinFX,[1] includes a new set of managed code APIs that are an integral part of Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. It is also available for Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 as a download. There are no major architectural changes included with this release; .NET Framework 3.0 includes version 2.0 of the Common Language Runtime.[2]. NET Framework 3.0 consists of four major new components:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.NET_Framework#.NET_Framework_3.5 (« In an interview with Channel 9, Jason Zander, general manager of the .NET Framework team at Microsoft, discussed version 3.5 of the framework.[3] This version will include a new compiler that will support new features such as Language Integrated Query (LINQ), as well as new language features in C# and VB.NET. This version of the framework, containing version 3.0 of the CLR (as opposed to CLR 2.0 in .NET Framework 3.0), will be included in Visual Studio 2008. »)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mono_%28software%29 (« Mono is a project led by Novell (formerly by Ximian) to create an ECMA.NET compatible set of tools, including among others a C# compiler and a Common Language Runtime. Mono can be run on Linux, FreeBSD, UNIX, Mac OS X, Solaris and Windows operating systems.

Mono current version is 1.2.4 (as of May 2007). This version provides the core API of the .NET Framework as well as support for C# 2.0 and Visual Basic.NET. Support for the 2.0 APIs[1]. Complete support for the .NET Framework 2.0, including the .NET 2.0 version of Windows.Forms, is planned for Mono 2.2, by the end of 2007[2]. Implementation of .NET Framework 3.0 is under development under an experimental Mono subproject called Olive, but the availability of a Mono framework supporting .NET 3.0 is still not planned yet[3]. An open source implementation of Silverlight has now been integrated into Mono proper, parts of it are in the core of Mono, parts are implemented as part of the Olive components. «  )

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IronPython (« IronPython is an implementation of the Python programming language, targeting .NET and Mono, created by Jim Hugunin. Version 1.0 was released on September 5, 2006.[1]
Until version 0.6 it was released under the Common Public License.[2] Following recruitment of the project lead in August 2004, IronPython was made available as part of Microsoft‘s Shared Source initiative. Authors claim that the license,[3] while not reviewed by the Open Source Initiative, conforms to the OSI’s definition of open source. With the 2.0 alpha release, the license was again changed, to the Microsoft Permissive License.[4]
IronPython is written entirely in C#, although some of its code is automatically generated by a code generator written in Python. »

IronPython Integration Sample and the WPF Designer (Aaron Marten explains how to get the IronPython integration sample working with Visual Studio with WPF Designer)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Presentation_Foundation (« The Windows Presentation Foundation (or WPF), formerly code named Avalon, is the graphical subsystem feature of the .NET Framework 3.0 (formerly called WinFX)[1] and is directly related to XAML.[2] It is pre-installed in Vista,[3] the latest version of the Microsoft Windows operating system. WPF is also available for installation on Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003. It provides a consistent programming model for building applications and provides a clear separation between the UI and the business logic. A WPF application can be deployed on the desktop or hosted in a web browser. It also enables richer control, design, and development of the visual aspects of Windows programs. It aims to unify a host of application services: user interface, 2D and 3D drawing, fixed and adaptive documents, advanced typography, vector graphics, raster graphics, animation, data binding, audio and video.
Microsoft Silverlight is a web-based subset of WPF. During development it was named WPF/E, which stood for « Windows Presentation Foundation Everywhere ». Silverlight is based on XAML and JScript. The Silverlight subset enables Flash-like web and mobile applications with the exact same code as Windows .NET applications. 3D features are not included, but XPS, vector-based drawing and hardware acceleration are included
. »)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Silverlight (« Microsoft SilverlightWindows Presentation Foundation/Everywhere or WPF/E) is a proprietary runtime for browser-based Rich Internet Applications, providing a subset of the animation, vector graphics, and video playback capabilities of Windows Presentation Foundation. Version 1.1 also includes a complete version of the .NET Common Language Runtime, named (code-named CoreCLR,[1][2] so that Silverlight applications can be written in any .NET language. Silverlight aims to compete with Adobe Flash and the presentation components of Ajax. It also competes with Sun MicrosystemsJavaFX, which was launched a few days after Silverlight »)

http://www.mono-project.com/Moonlight (« A page to track the various projects that make up the Mono-based implementation of Silverlight. The goals are:

  • To run Silverlight applications on Linux.
  • To provide a Linux SDK to build Silverlight applications.
  • To reuse the Silverlight engine we have built for desktop applications.

You can see screenshots of the work in progress here.

Silverlight 1.1 (http://silverlight.net) is a new development technology for the Web created by Microsoft based on the CLR that augments it with a 2D retained graphics system and media playback engine and ships a subset of the standard .NET libraries. Currently the Moonlight project supports both Silverlight 1.0 (canvas + browser-based scripting) as well as 1.1 applications (canvas + ECMA CLI powered execution engine).

Building an open source implementation on top of Mono is an obvious choice as Mono has most of the technologies required to implement it but is missing a few components. In this page we will track the work required and the design decisions involved in creating an open source version of it.« )

Les environnements de développement:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_Studio_.NET#Visual_Studio_2005 (« Visual Studio 2005, codenamed Whidbey (a reference to Whidbey Island in Puget Sound), was released online in October 2005 and hit the stores a couple of weeks later. Microsoft removed the « .NET » moniker from Visual Studio 2005 (as well as every other product with .NET in its name), but it still primarily targets the .NET Framework, which was upgraded to version 2.0. Visual Studio 2005’s internal version number is 8.0 while the file format version is 9.0.[4] Microsoft released service Pack 1 for Visual Studio 2005 on 14 December 2006.[5]

Visual Studio 2005 was upgraded to support all the new features introduced in .NET Framework 2.0, including generics and ASP.NET 2.0. The IntelliSense feature in Visual Studio was upgraded for generics and new project types were added to support ASP.NET web services. Visual Studio 2005 also includes a local web server, separate from IIS, that can be used to host ASP.NET applications during development and testing….. »)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_Studio_.NET#Visual_Studio_2008 (« Visual Studio 2008,[9], code-named Orcas, is the successor to Visual Studio 2005 currently under development. It is slated to be officially launched on February 27, 2008.[10] The codename Orcas is, like Whidbey, a reference to an island in Puget Sound, Orcas Island. The successor to Visual Studio 2008 is codenamed Hawaii.

The first publically available beta was the September 2006 CTP, released on September 28, 2006. The latest beta is Beta 2, released on July 23, 2007.

Visual Studio 2008 is focused on development of Windows Vista, 2007 Office system, and Web applications. Among other things, it brings a new language feature, LINQ, new versions of C# and Visual Basic languages, a Windows Presentation Foundation visual designer, and improvements to the .NET Framework. It will also likely feature a new HTML/CSS editor influenced by Microsoft Expression Web.[11] J# will not be included.[12].NET Framework 3.5 and by default configures compiled assemblies to run on .NET Framework 3.5; but it also supports multi-targeting which lets the developers choose which version of the .NET Common Language Runtime (out of 2.0, 3.0, Silverlight CoreCLR or .NET Compact Framework runtimes) the assembly will run on. »)

http://www.monodevelop.com/Main_Page (« MonoDevelop is a free GNOME IDE primarily designed for C# and other .NET languages« )

Les flux RSS/ATOM intéressants:

http://ironpython-urls.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default?alt=rss (« La planète Ironpython« )

http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/weblog/index.xml (De nombreuses infos sur Ironpython)

http://www.ironpython.info/index.php/Main_Page (« wiki sur ironpython. IronPython brings Python to .NET, and allows you native access to the .NET framework and classes. In addition, Microsoft has built IronPython support into the following systems:

http://tirania.org/blog/miguel.rss2 (« le blog de Miguel de Icaza« )

http://blogs.msdn.com/jomo_fisher/atom.xml (« le blog de Jomo Fisher« )

http://msdn.microsoft.com/fr-fr/rss.xml (« Les nouvelles de microsoft »)

http://blogs.msdn.com/mitsufu/atom.xml (Le blog de mitsufu)

http://blogs.developpeur.org/tom/atom.aspx (Le blog de Thomas Lebrun sur WPF et C#)

http://blogs.msdn.com/tims/rss.xml (« Le blog de Tim Sneath« )

Les sites (avec ou sans flux RSS/Atom)

http://groups.google.com/group/mono-olive (« Olive is the group used to develop the post-2.0 Mono-based technologies. This includes Mono’s efforts to implement pieces of the 3.0 and 3.5 stacks as well as the new Silverlight implementation. »)

http://www.codeplex.com/IronPython (« IronPython is a new implementation of the Python programming language running on .NET. It supports an interactive console with fully dynamic compilation. It is well integrated with the rest of the .NET Framework and makes all .NET libraries easily available to Python programmers, while maintaining full compatibility with the Python language.« )



http://dotnet.developpez.com/cours/ (« Les meilleurs cours et tutoriels .NET »)

http://csharp-source.net/ (Des projets C# open source)

http://monofrance.tuxfamily.org/ (« Monofrance Portail francophone des utilisateurs de Mono. »)


http://www.castleproject.org/activerecord/index.html (« The Castle ActiveRecord is an implementation of the ActiveRecord pattern for .NET. The ActiveRecord pattern consists on instance properties representing a record in the database, instance methods acting on that specific record and static methods acting on all records. project is an implementation of the

Castle ActiveRecord is built on top of NHibernate, but its attribute-based mapping free the developer of writing XML for database-to-object mapping, which is needed when using NHibernate directly. »)

Les dernières nouvelles:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_Sharp#C.23_3.0_new_language_features (« C# 3.0 is the next version of the language as proposed by Microsoft. It includes new features inspired by functional programming languages such as Haskell and ML, and is driven largely by the introduction of the Language Integrated Query (LINQ) pattern to the Common Language Runtime.[3]« )

http://blogs.developpeur.org/tom/archive/2007/06/27/silverlight-pas-convaincu-par-silverlight-essayer-alors-zero-gravity.aspx (« Interfaces graphiques avec Silverlight: ‘Si vous voulez voir ce qu’il est possible de faire, pendant 4 semaines, avec une équipe de 5 personnes (des designers utilisant Expression Blend et Expression Design, des développeurs utilisant Visual Studio 2008 et des animateurs), alors jettez un oeil sur Zero Gravity. Voir http://timheuer.com/blog/archive/2007/06/26/zerogravity.aspx‘ »)

http://tirania.org/blog/archive/2007/Aug-04.html (« Pretty much all the C# 3.0 features are now completed. As Marek points out there are a couple of areas that still need some work (collection initializers and anonymous types), but we are in good shape to complete the LINQ support in Mono’s C# compiler…The majority of our C# 3.0 support will be available in Mono 1.2.5. The recent developments (type inference) did not make it into the release, so folks will have to wait for 1.2.6…« )

http://tirania.org/blog/archive/2007/Jul-02.html (« Marek Habersack has written a Guide on Porting ASP.NET Applications to Linux using Mono. This is a complement to Jonathan Pobst’s Porting Winforms Applications to Linux using Mono. AjaxWidgets: In addition to the two Guides above, the Thomas from Frost Innovations (the makers of Ajaxwidgets has written a tutorial on how he run ASP.NET 2.0 apps on Linux with Mono.« )

http://ironpython-urls.blogspot.com/2007/07/new-release-ironpython-20-alpha-3.html (« We have just released IronPython 2.0 Alpha 3. This release is a snapshot of the on-going progress with IronPython 2.0 and the DLR. The most significant changes in this release include more work to use dynamic sites from IronPython and improved evaluation mode support. This release is also timed to closely coincide with the IronRuby release and provides a near-identical DLR release…« )

http://tirania.org/blog/archive/2007/Jun-21.html (« Needless to say, we believe that Silverlight is a fantastic development platform, and its .NET-based version is incredibly interesting and as Linux/Unix users we wanted to both get access to content produced with it and to use Linux as our developer platform for Silverlight-powered web sites. »)

http://spellcoder.com/blogs/dodyg/archive/2007/08/08/7756.aspx (« In Summary :

  • Less Code Matters A Lot.
  • C# 3.0 really shines for back end development. It doesn’t add much value in the current ASPX Page structure code behind.
  • IronPython really shines for CodeBehind code or anything related to UI programming. I can’t fathom using it for back end programing due to the lack of refactoring support.
  • Using both C# 3.0 and IronPython in the same project is a joy.« )

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